Q1 Eating at a restaurant where the cooks and waiters are of mixed religions, hindu, Christians and Muslims — is it allowed from the najis point of view? A1 If the owner is a Muslim of the meals does not contain meats. There is no objection in eating, as well you can eat — if you are not sure to be najis.

A2 If it is known that it comes from animals, the use is not allowed unless one knows the animal has been slaughtered according to Islam. Q3 Our hen have drunk water from wells where the dog drinks from. May I eat meat and egg of this bird? Is it haram or not? Q4 Is it permissible to socialize or accept invitations from Muslims that are involved in type of businesses which selling alcohol beverages and pork?

Q5 Muslim restaurants that have a sign reads all meats are halal. Or when they say its halal that's enough? Q6 In a non-Islamic country can one buy halal meat from a Muslim store that sales pork and other meat, which is not halal? Q7 Is it allowed to eat at a restaurant its staff are of different religions?

A7 It is permissible as long as you do not know a non-Kitabi Kafar touches it with a wet hand. A9 You are allowed to eat those meals which do not contain meat.

And you can eat meat also, if the seller is a Muslim and that the seller has made sure that the meat belonged to an animal that had been slaughtered according to Islamic conditions.

My question is that could I eat meat? A12 You can eat fish. Also, you can eat meat of sheep and cow, if you can get it from a Muslim with the possibility being there that he has slaughtered the animal in proper Islamic manner. A14 Of course, in two cases such as forbidding from bad Nahy annil munkar and informing of an ignorant person of divine verdict Taalim Jahilit would be even necessary to go to the bar.

Q15 Is Ethanol of the family of alcohol that causes drunkenness? What about using this and other families of alcohol that are synthesized from petroleum and are used in perfume, medicine etc? Are they najis and cannot be used during prayer? A15 According to Grand Ayatullah Sistani alcohol is tahir ritually cleanalthough drinking it is forbidden.

Using perfume and medicine mixed with alcohol is permissible. Q16 If the people of book slaughter an animal, as per precaution, it will not be halal even if he utters bismillah? A16 Based on obligatory precaution, it is not halal, even if he is sure that the bismillah was said. Q17 Is it necessary for the Muslim to repeatedly say "Bismillah, Allah-u Akbar" while slaughtering machine is in motion or is it sufficient to say it only once when he turns the machine on?

Meaning would his one Bismillah be sufficient for the 50, chickens slaughtered in one day? A17 It is enough as long as the machine slaughters and the Muslim repeatedly utters bismillah al-rahman al-rahim.This is a list of fish considered halal according to the Shia Muslims in the Jafari jurisprudence as well as being kosher according to Jews as per the kashrut dietary laws in the halakha of rabbinic Judaism.

In the Jafari Muslim tradition, these fish are halal because they possess the appropriate characteristic of having true fish scales. In Judaism, in addition to requiring the presence of true fish scales, kosher fish must also have fins.

This seemingly redundant requirement serves to remove ambiguity by excluding finless sea creatures that possess various features which might be confused for scales, including shells such as those of shrimp or prawns.

sistani fish

While not every fish that has fins will have scales, every true fish that has true fish scales by default also has fins. In some Islamic schools of thought where scales are also a trait required of halal fish, including the Jafari Shia, exoskeletons are also not included as "scales". However, other Islamic schools of thought, both Sunni and Shia, have looser definitions which include the exoskeleton of crustaceans as "scales", others yet include the softer exoskeletons of prawns as "scales" but exclude the harder exoskeletons of lobsters.

While there is nothing specifically mentioned in Jewish halakha requiring kosher fish having an endoskeleton "inner skeleton" and gills as opposed to lungsevery true fish that has both scales and fins by default also possesses an endoskeleton and gills.

A Code of Practice For Muslims in the West

Any sea creature that lacks gills and can only breathe oxygen from air through lungs, or has an exoskeleton instead of and endoskeleton [4] :is by default not kosher because it cannot be a fish. The list of fish on this page, therefore, coincides with those which possess the combination of endoskeleton, gills, fins, and scales. According to the chok or divine decrees of the Torah and the Talmudfor a fish to be declared kosher, it must have scales and fins.

When a kosher fish is removed from the water, it is considered "slaughtered," and it is unnecessary to ritually kill it in the manner of kosher livestock. However, kosher law explicitly forbids the consumption of a fish while it is still alive. Most rabbinic authorities from that time onwards including almost all Ashkenazi ones have ruled that this was a scribal error, and there is neither Talmudic basis nor any other rabbinical precedent for prohibiting milk and fish, and thus permit such mixtures.

Indeed, two passages in the Babylonian Talmud Hulin 76b, b implicitly state that it is entirely permissible. Nevertheless, since Karo wrote that milk and fish should not be mixed, there are those who do not mix them. Shia Islam 's regulation of fish in the Jaafari school of jurisprudence comes from several sahih hadithsone of them is, as narrated by the fifth imam Muhammad al-Baqir : Eat any fish that has scales, and do not eat what does not have scales.

Al-KulayniAl-KafiVol. In Sunni Islamthere are two general schools of thought. Most Sunni Muslim schools of jurisprudence Shafi'iHanbaliand Maliki hold as a general rule that all "sea game" animals of the sea are permissible to eat with a few minor exceptions.

Thus, for example, the local dish Laksa which includes meats such as shrimp and squid with a soup base made from shrimp pasteis deemed permissible in the Shafi'i Sunni Muslim majority nations of Indonesia and Malaysia where it is commonly consumed.

In the Hanafi school of Sunni Muslim jurisprudence, to which the majority population of Sunni Muslims belong to, only "fish" as opposed to all "sea game" are permissible, including eel and hagfish. Any other sea or water creatures which are not fish, therefore, are also haram forbiddenwhether they breathe oxygen from water through gills such as prawns, shrimp, lobsters and crabs which are crustaceans and especially if they breathe oxygen from air through lungs such as sea turtles and sea snakes which are reptilesdolphins and whales which are mammalsor semi-aquatic animals like penguins which are birdssaltwater crocodiles which are reptiles, seals which are mammals, and frogs which are amphibians.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Tanakh Torah Nevi'im Ketuvim. Important figures. Religious roles. Culture and education. Ritual objects. Major holidays. Other religions. Related topics. Beliefs and practices. Holy days.Halaal - Anchovies Family Engraulidae. Including: European anchovy Engraulis encrasciolusNorth of California anchovy br Engraulis mordax. Halaal - Angelfishes and butterfly fishes Family Chaetodontidae.

Including: Angelfishes Holacanthus species, Pomacanthus species. Halaal - Carps and minnows Family CyprinidaeIncluding: the carp, leather carp, mirror carp Cyprinus carpio ; Crucian carp Carassius carassius ; Goldfish Carassius auratus ; tench Tinca tinca ; Splittail Pogonichthys macrolepidotus ; Squawfishes Ptychocheilus species ; Scramento backfish or hardhead Orthodon microlepidotus ; Freshwater breams Abramis species, Blicca species ; Roach Rutilus rutilus.

Halaal - Cobia, cabio, or black bonito Rachycentron canadum Cod, cultus, black, blue, or ling. See: Greenlings, Sablefish. Halaal - Damselfishes Family Pomacentridae.

Islamic Laws

Including: Blacksmith Chromis punctipinnis ; Garibaldi Hypsypops rubicunda. Halaal - Dolphin fishes or mahimahis Coryphaena species Not to be confused with the Mammal called Dolphin or Porpoise, which is some. Halaal - Drums and croakers Family SciaenidaeIncluding: Seatrouts and carvinas Cynoscion species ; Weakfish Cynoscion nebulosus ; White seabass Cynoscion nobillis ; Croakers micropogon species, Bairdiella species, Odontoscion species ; Silver perch Bairdiella chyrsura ; White or King croaker Genyonemus lineatus ; Black croaker cheilottena saturnum ; Spotfin croaker Roncadorstearnsi ; Yellowfin croaker Umbrinaroncador ; Drums Pogonias species, Stellifer species, Umbrina species ; Red drum or channel bass Sciaenops ocallata ; Freshwater drum Aplodinotus grunniens ; Kingfishes or king whitings Menticirrhus species ; California corbina Menticirrhus undulatus ; spot or lafayette Leiostomus xanthurus ; Queenfish Seriphus politus ; Cubbyu or ribbon fish Equetus umbrosus.

Halaal - Flyingfishes and halfbeaks Family Exocoetidae ; Flyingfishes Cypselurus species, and others ; Ballyhoo or balao Hemiramphus species. Halaal - Goatfishes or surmullets Family Mullidae.

Halaal - Greenlings Family HexagrammidaeIncluding: Greenlings Hexagrammos species ; Kelp greenling or seatrout Hexagrammos decagrammus ; Lingcod, cultus orblue cod Ophiodonelongatus ; Atkamackerel Pleurogrammus monopterygius.

Halaal - Herrings Family ClupeidaeIncluding: Atlantic and Pacific herring Clupae harengus subspecies ; thread herrings Opisthonema species ; Shads Alosa species ; Shad or glut herring, or blueback Alosa aestivalis ; Hickory shad Alosa mediocris ; Alewife or river herring Alosa pseudoharengus ; Gizzard shads Dorosoma species ; Menhadens or mossbunkers Brevoortia species ; Spanish sardines Sardineila anchovia ; European sardine or pilchard Sardina pilchardus ; Pacific sardine or pilchard Sardinops sagax ; Spart Sprattus sprattus.

Halaal - Mackerels and tunas Family ScombridaeIncluding: Mackerels Scomber species, Scomberomorus species, Auxis species ; Spanish mackerels, cero, and sierra Scomberomorus species ; King mackerel or kingfish Scomberomorus cavalla ; Bonitos Sarda species ; Wahoo Acanthocybius solanderi ; tunas Thunnus species, Euthynnus species ; Skipjack tunas Euthynnus or Katsuwonus species ; Albacore thunnus alalunga But not including: Snake mackerels.

Halaal - Mullets Farnily Mugilidae including: Mullets and amaamas Mugil species ; Uouoa Neomyxus chaptallii ; Mountain mullets or dajaos agonostomus species. Halaal - Needlefishes Family Beslonidae Needlefishes or marine gars strongylura species, Tylosuru species. Halaal - Perches Family Percidae including: Yellow perch Perca flavescens ; Walleye, pike perch, or yellow or blue pike Stizostedion vitreum ; Sauget Stizostedion canadense. Halaal - Porgies and sea breams Family Sparidae.

List of halal and kosher fish

Halaal - Scorpionfishes family ScorpaenidaeIncluding: Scorpionfishes Scorpaena species ; California scorpionfish or sculpin Scorpaena guttata ; Nohus Scorpaenopsis species ; Redfish, rosefish, or ocean perch Sebasters marinus ; rockfishes Sebasters species, Sebastodes species ; Pacific ocean perch Sebastes alutus ; Chilipepper Sebastes goodel ; Bocaccio Sebastes paucipinus ; Shortspine thornyhead or channel rockfish Sebastolobus alascanus.

Halaal - Sea basses Family Serranidae including: Black sea basses Centropristis species ; Groupers Epinephelus species, and Mycteroperca species ; Rockhind Epinephelus adscensionis ; Speckled hind Epinephelus drummondhayi ; Red hind Epinephelus guttatus ; Jewfish Epinephelus itajara ; Spotted cabrilla Epinephelus analogus ; Gag Mycteroperca microlepis ; Scamp Mycteroperca phenax ; Graysby petrometopon cruentatum ; Mutton hamlet Alphestes afer Sand bass, kelp bass, and spotted bass Paralabrax species.

Halaal - Silversides Family Athernidae including: Whitebait, spearing, or silversides Menidia species ; California grunion Leurusthes tenuis ; Jacksmelt Atherinopsis californiensis ; Topsmelt Atherinops affinis. Halaal - Suckers Family Catostomidae. Including: Buffalo fishes Ictiobus species ; Suckers Catostomus species, Moxostoma species ; Quillbacks or carpsuckers Carpiodes species. Halaal - Sunfishes Family Centrarchidae.

Including: Freshwater basses Micropterus species ; Largemouth bass Microterus salmoides ; Smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieui ; Sunfishes Lepomis species ; Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus ; Warmouth Lepomis macrochirus ; Rock bass or red eye Ambloplites rupestris ; [Edited Out]pies or calico basses Pomoxis species.

Halaal - Surfperches Famly Embiotocidae.But camels, fish and locust become halal without their heads being slaughtered, as will be explained later.

sistani fish

And if a deer and its young one which cannot run are hunted with one bullet, the deer will be halal but its young one will be haraam to eat. And if a flesh-eating animal like wolf and leopard is slaughtered in the manner which will be mentioned later, or is hunted by means of bullet etc.

Issue Elephant, bear, monkey are classified as predators. Issue If a dead young is born from the body of a living animal, or is brought out of it, it is haraam to eat its meat. It is not sufficient to split open these arteries or to cut off the neck. And the cutting of these four main arteries becomes practical when the cutting takes place from below the knot of the throat. Issue If a person cuts some of the four arteries and waits till the animal dies and then cuts the remaining arteries, it will be of no use.

However, the recommended precaution is that they should be cut in continuous succession. Similarly, it will be haraam if nothing remains of its gullet.

What is a Basa Fish?

In fact, if its neck is torn open by the wolf leaving arteries connected with the head or the body, as a precaution, it will be haraam. They are as follows An animal can also be slaughtered by a Muslim child who is mature enough to distinguish between good and bad, but not by non-Muslims other than Ahle Kitab, or a person belonging to those sects who are classified as Kafir, like, Nawasib - the enemies of Ahlul Bait A.

In fact, even if Ahle Kitab non-Muslim slaughters an animal, as per precaution, it will not be halal, even if he utters 'Bismillah'. However, if an implement made of iron is not available, it should be slaughtered with a sharp object like glass or stone, so that the four veins are severed, even if the slaughtering may not be necessary, like when the animal is on the verge of death.

If the animal is sitting or standing, then facing Qibla would be like a man standing towards Qibla while praying. And if it is lying on its right or left side, then its neck and stomach should be facing Qibla.

It is not necessary that its legs, hands and face be towards Qibla. If a person who knows the rule, purposely ignores placing the animal towards Qibla, the animal would become haraam; but if he forgets or does not know the rule, or makes a mistake in ascertaining the Qibla, or does not know the direction of Qibla, or is unable to turn the animal towards Qibla, there is no objection. As a recommended precaution, the person slaughtering should also face Qibla.

And if he did not utter the name of Allah forgetfully, there is no objection. This law applies only when it is doubtful whether or not the animal was alive at the time of being slaughtered, otherwise it is not essential.

If someone blocks the vein, not allowing blood to flow out, or if the bleeding is less than normal, that animal will not be halal. But if the blood which flows is less because the animal bled profusely before the slaughter, there is no objection. But if the head gets severed because of sharpness of the knife, or not being attentive, there is no objection.

Similarly, it is not permissible to slit open the neck and cut the spinal cord before the animal has died. It is better that the camel at that time is standing. But if it has knelt down, or if it is lying on its side with its face towards Qibla, the knife etc. Issue If a camel's head is cut instead of thrusting a knife into the depth of its neck, or if knife is thrust into the depth of the neck of a sheep or a cow etc.

Similarly, if a knife is first thrust into the depth of the neck of a cow, sheep etc.Muslims [in predominantly Muslims countries] normally live in their own homes, villages and cities, in the midst of their families and relations, eating variety of foods and drinking different drinks that they desire; They are familiar with the ingredients of these foods and know that they are free from all that their religion has forbidden, their faith has rejected, and their rich Islamic values have kept distance from.

This is so because the host community is not Islamic; it has it own values, customs and habits which naturally do not abide by the laws of Islam. So, when a Muslim desires to eat any food in a restaurant [in a non-Muslim country], he is faced with the problem of whether or not the food is permissible and pure. Since the followers of the past revealed religions that is, the Jews, the Christians and the Zoroastrians are ritually pure, many of the problems concerning the status and permissibility of the food are resolved when we live in their midst.

It becomes permissible for us as Muslims to eat from their food no matter whether they touched it with their wet hands or not as long as we do not know or are not sure that it consists of what is forbidden to us, like intoxicating drinks.

As for meat, fat and their extracts, there are specific rules that will be discussed later on. A Muslim is allowed to eat the food prepared by a non-Muslim who is not from Ahlul Kitab [for example, a Hindu or a Buddhist], provided that he does not know or is not sure that the non-Muslim touched the food with wetness; and provided that he does not know or is not sure that the food consists of what is forbidden to him like intoxicating drinks.

As for meat, fat and their extracts, there are specific rules that will come later on. A Muslim is allowed to eat any food made by a person whose faith and religion is not known to him, no matter whether that person touched it with wetness or did not touch it, provided that he does not know or is not sure that the food consists of what is forbidden to him.

sistani fish

As for meat, fat, and their extracts, there are specific rules that will come later on. It is not necessary for the Muslim to question the person who prepared the food about his beliefs or disbeliefs, or whether or not he had touched the food, even if that inquiry is very convenient and natural for one who wants to ask. In short, all kinds of food with the exception of meat, fat, and their extracts are permissible for a Muslim, even if he doubts that it might contain something which is forbidden for him to eat or doubts that its cook —whosoever he may be— had touched it with wetness.

See the question-answer section below. Just as it is not obligatory on him to inquire about the ingredients of such food to ensure that it is free from what is forbidden to him, it is not obligatory on him to ask the cook whether he touched it while preparing the food or after it.

All kinds of packed food with the exception of meat, fat and their extracts, are permissible for a Muslim, even if he doubts that its ingredients might contain what is forbidden for him or even if he doubts that the cook —whosoever he may be— had touched it with wetness. It is not obligatory on him to inquire about its ingredients to ensure that it does not contain anything that is forbidden to him.

A Muslim is allowed to buy all kinds of halal meat from a Muslim shopkeeper who sells it to Muslims. Such meat would be considered halal even if the vendor belongs to a school of thought which have different conditions for slaughtering from ours as long as there is a possibility that the animal was slaughtered in accordance with our conditions.

If a Muslim knows and is sure that this meat is from an animal which is permissible for Muslims to eat like cow, sheep or chicken but that it is not slaughtered in accordance with Islamic laws, that meat is to be considered mayta. Mayta is not permissible for a Muslim to eat even if its seller is a Muslim.

Similarly, such meat is impure najis and would make other things impure, if it comes into wet contact with it. If a Muslim buys or receives meat from a non-Muslim, or from a Muslim who got it from a non-Muslim and did not inquire about its slaughtering according to Islamic laws, such meat is haram for him.

But if the Muslim does not know that the animal was not slaughtered according to Islamic laws, it would not be considered najisalthough it is still haram.

Some experts say that by letting out the blood by way of slaughtering, the meat of the animal becomes healthier for the consumer than an animal that was not slaughtered. And so you should not be surprised to see some non-Muslims buying the meat that had been slaughtered according to Islamic laws from halal meat stores. In order for fish to become permissible for a Muslim, it must have the following conditions:.

The Muslim should be certain or satisfied that the fish has come out of the water alive or that it died while it was already in the fishing net. It is not necessary for the fisherman to be a Muslim or to utter the name of Allah for the fish to become halal. So, if a non-Muslim catches a fish and brings it alive from the water or it dies after getting caught in his fishing net or fishing line, and it has scales on it, it is permissible to eat. A Muslim can ascertain the first condition by examining the fish if it is being displayed or by observing its name [which can tell you whether it is a skin fish or a scale fish] as long as you can trust the authenticity of the label.

A list of scale fish has been appended at the end of this book. The second condition is fulfilled in almost all the countries, as they say, because the universal method in fishing ensures that the fish comes out of the water alive or they die after they are caught in the fishing net.

Based on this, it is permissible to eat the fish that one gets from a non-Muslim just as one gets from a Muslim, irrespective of whether it is canned or uncanned.

It is permissible to eat shrimps, if they are brought out of the water alive. It is forbidden to eat frogs, lobsters, turtles, every amphibious animal, snails, and crayfish.Common Halal and non-halal Fish "Eat any fish that has scales, and do not eat what does not have scales. Common Halal and non-halal Fish.

What kind of marine animals are Halal? It is not permissible to eat from marine animals anything except fish that has scale; shrimp is considered from that category of permissible sea animals.

But other than fish, like lobster, and similarly the fish that does not have scale is forbidden. Allah knows the best. Commercial fishing vessels place their huge nets [in the sea] and catch tons of fish which are then sold in the markets. It is well known that modern methods of fishing are based on catching the fish alive, and that the fishermen throw the dead fish back into the water for fear of contamination.

Therefore, is it permissible for us to buy such fish in the markets of non-Muslims? Is it permissible for us to buy such fish from Muslims who are not considerate of religious laws? In both the cases to ascertain that this particular fish in front of me was taken out of the water alive, should seek the advice of an expert and reliable witness to testify to that fact which may prove difficult, impractical, and unrealistic.

There is no problem in buying it from Muslims or non-Muslims; as there is no problem in eating it, if they are satisfied that the fish was caught by the method mentioned above and that it belongs to the category of scale fish.

At times we find the name or picture of fish on the cans and come to know that the fish is a scale fish. So, is it permissible for us to rely on the name or the picture in determining the category of fish, knowing well that a wrong statement of this kind would put the manufacturers in great loss or even more serious [situation] than just a loss?

If one is satisfied it is the truth, it is permissible to act upon it. Is it permissible to buy a fish from a Muslim who is not a momin while we have no knowledge whether it is from the category of scale fish or not? It is permissible to buy it but one cannot eat it unless he makes sure that it is from the category of scale fish. Halal with scales. Catfish Eels. Eastern Cleaner-Clingfish.Is it is necessary to obtain my guardian's permission for marriage? Answer : It is necessary to seek your father or paternal grandfather's permission.

Answer : Yes, it is necessary. Answer : It is permissible and there is no objection to it. Answer : If she is not independent, it is obligatory on her to seek his consent.

Rather, even if she is independent, she must seek his consent, as a matter of compulsory precaution. If she seeks her parents advice, it is only for seeking their opinion or out of respect for them. Is such a virgin girl allowed to marry, be it permanent or a temporary marriage, without the consent of her father? Answer : If this means that the father has allowed her to marry whomsoever she wants or that he has withdrawn from interfering in the matter of her marriage, it is permissible for her to do so; otherwise, it is not permissible.

When a person has come to know about her features by the first look, it is not permissible to look again. The look should be without any lustful intentions, and avoiding involving any prohibited acts. Answer : It is permissible, as long as the marriage contract is recited verbally, over the phone, mobile etc. Supposing that just the utterance is sufficient, is it necessary to say it in Arabic without having the need to say the marriage formula in another language?

Answer : It would be sufficient, provided that the person has some understanding, even roughly, of the meaning of the Arabic words. Is it not necessary that most possible numbers of deserving people should be helped from sahm-e Imam? Answer : Although providing for the marriage of needy believers is among the avenues covered by the portion of the Imam a. It is not necessary to use the sahm-e Imam to serve the interests of the most possible number of deserving people; what is important is to prioritize the important causes.

This prioritization varies according to circumstances. Answer : It is not permissible, Obligatory Precaution. Answer : It is permissible. Answer : If a man wishes to marry a woman of loose character, he should, as a precaution, wait till she becomes Pak from her menses, irrespective of whether he had committed fornication with her, or anyone else had done so.

I mean if someone does not want to marry, intentionally, is that allowed in Islam or not? Answer : It is optional by itself.


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